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Janowski, Dawid Markelowicz
janows3.jpg
Birth Jun 7, 1868
Wolkowysk, Poland.
Death Jan 15, 1927
Hyeres, France.
Nationality POL - Poland

Images 5
Last update Aug 10, 2001
Biographical data
Polish player.

Biography by Bill Wall
Dawid Markelowicz Janowski (pronounced yanofsky) was born in Wolkowysk, Poland on June 7, 1868. He moved to Paris in 1890. In 1894 at age 26, he beame a professional chess player.

Janowski was playing in Mannheim in 1914 when World War I broke out. After a short internment he was allowed to travel to Geneva, Switzerland. The Russian consul issued him a passport, and in December 1915 he went to the USA. He stayed in New York for nine years before returning to Paris.

In December 1926 he travelled to Hyeres, France to play in a chess tournament, but died of tuberculosis on January 15, 1927. A fund was raised to meet his funeral expenses. He died in poverty.

Janowski may have peaked to an ELO rating of 2600 in 1905 and has an ELO historical rating of 2570.

Janowski was an addicted gambler. At a tournament in Monte Carlo, he gave all his money to a friend and made him promise not to return the money until after the chess tournament. However, the lure of gambling was too much and he asked his friend to return his money to go gambling. His friend refused. Janowski later sued his friend over the incident.

Janowski had a chess patron, the Dutch painter Leo Nardus, who supported him in chess for many years. One day Nardus suggested an alternate move during a postmortem of one of Janowski's games. Janowski called Nardus an idiot in front of a crowd of people. Nardus never gave Janowski any financial support after that.



Chess Career


MATCHES

Opponent Place Year W L D
-----------------------------------------------------
S.Sittenfeld Paris 1891 3 1 1
S.Sittenfeld Paris 1892 5 7 5
S.Sittenfeld Paris 1893 2 2 2
J.Mieses Paris 1895 6 6 2
S.Winawer Wien 1896 5 2 0
C.Schlechter Wien 1896 2 2 3
K.A.Walbrodt Berlin 1897 4 2 2
J.W.Showalter New York 1899 7 2 4
J.W.Showalter New York 1899 2 4 0
J.W.Showalter New York 1899 2 4 1
F.J.Marshall New York 1899 3 1 0
C.Schlechter Karlsbad 1902 1 6 3
J.Taubenhaus Paris 1903 5 1 4
G.Marco An Bord 1904 4 2 0
J.Taubenhaus Paris 1905 5 0 1
F.J.Marshall Paris 1905 5 8 4
J.Taubenhaus Paris 1905 3 2 1
F.J.Marshall Suresnes 1908 5 2 3
E.Lasker Paris 1909 2 2 0
E.Lasker Paris 1909 1 7 2
E.Lasker Berlin 1910 0 8 3
J.F.S.Esser Paris 1910 1 2 0
F.J.Marshall Biarritz 1912 2 6 2
O.Chajes Havanna 1913 2 0 1
C.Jaffe New York 1916 5 4 4
F.J.Marshall New York 1916 1 4 3
J.W.Showalter Lexington 1916 7 2 2
O.Chajes New York 1918 5 7 10
C.Jaffe New York 1918 10 4 4
-----------------------------------------------------
Total games 272 105 100 67


TOURNAMENTS

Year Place Standing Points
-------------------------------------------
1894 Leipzig 6 - 7 10,5
1895 Hastings 12 - 14 9,5
1896 Nrnberg 5 11
1896 Budapest 4 - 5 7
1896 Wien 1 3,5
1897 Berlin 4 12,5
1898 Wien 3 25,5
1898 K”ln 9 7,5
1899 London 2 - 4 19
1900 Mnchen 7 - 10 7,5
1900 Paris 10 - 11 9
1901 Monte Carlo 1 10,5
1901 Moskau 3 13,5
1902 Monte Carlo 3 14
1902 Hannover 1 13,5
1904 Cambridge Springs 2 - 3 11
1905 Ostende 2 - 3 18
1905 Barmen 1 - 2 10,5
1906 Ostende 8 16
1906 Nrnberg 16 - 17 4
1907 Karlsbad 15 8,5
1907 Ostende 3 - 4 11,5
1908 Prag 10 10,5
1911 San Sebastian 11 - 12 6
1913 New York 4 9
1913 Havanna 3 9
1913 Scheveningen 2 11
1914 St.Petersburg 9 - 10 3,5
1914 Mannheim 7 6,5
1916 New York 2 11
1918 New York 5 4
1921 Atlantic City 1 8,5
1922 New York 4 - 5 2
1923 Lake Hopatcong 3 10
1924 New York 11 5
1925 Marienbad 13 - 14 5,5
1925/26 Hastings 7 3
1926 Semmering 10 8,5
1926 Gent 3 - 5 4,5


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