Kieseritzky, Lionel Adalbert Bagration Felix

Birth Jan 1, 1806
Tartu, Estonia
Death May 19, 1853
Paris, France.
Nationality GER - Germany

Last update Oct 2, 2000
Biographical data
German player and editor, journalist.

by Tomasz Lissowski
Lionel Bagration Adalbert Felix - famous chess player from the first half of XIX century, author, chess editor and journalist.
Born 1. of January 1806 in Dorpat (now Tartu in Estonia) as a citizen of Russian Empire. He was a member of commonly respected family of Baltic - Germans.
In 1825-1829 he studied philology and law on Dorpat University. He was then regarded as one of the leading chessplayers in Baltic provinces in Russia. He was later a teacher and private tutor for mathematics. Well known in Dorpat as an animator of cultural events (music concerts, amateur theatre), he "resurrected" the local chess club. In 1839, due to private reasons, he left his native country and settled down in Paris.
When de Labourdonnais died, Kieseritzky (aside P. Saint-Amant) was regarded as the strongest French player. He was a "professor of chess" in famous Cafe de la Regence.
In 1846 he edited the book "Cinquante parties...", in 1849-1851 he was an editor of "La Regence" monthly, in both issues he implemented a new chess notation, invented by himself. He promoted non-ortodox kinds of chess: "The Game of Pawns" and cubic chess. He composed some tens of chess puzzles, rather in an old style, and published them in French, English and German magazines.
A player of attacking style, very strong in off-hand and handicap games. In April 1851, playing simultaneously 4 games blindfold, he improved Philidor's achievement (record).
Opening expert; one of the variations in King's Gambit holds his name. He played matches with H. Buckle , B. Horwitz and G. Walker. He participated in the very first international chess tournament (London 1851) but in the 1. round was knocked-out (0,5:2,5) by A. Anderssen, the eventual winner.
After the prolonged illness (hemiplegie, ramollisement du cervaeu) he died in the hospital "La Charite" in Paris 19 May 1853. Buried in a common grave.

Tomasz Lissowski & Bartlomiej Macieja, "Zagadka Kieseritzky'ego" (The Secret of Kieseritzky) , in Polish, Warsaw 1996 (294 pages, with diagrams, maps and illustrations).

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